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Quote: "Tracheal collapse occurs most commonly in middle-aged, small breed dogs. Clinical signs are usually proportional to the degree of collapse, ranging from mild airway irritation and paroxysmal coughing to respiratory distress and dyspnoea. Diagnosis is made by documenting dynamic airway collapse with radiographs, bronchoscopy or fluoroscopy. Most dogs respond well to medical management and treatment of any concurrent comorbidities. Surgical intervention may need to be considered in dogs that do not respond or have respiratory compromise. A variety of surgical techniques have been reported although extraluminal ring prostheses or intraluminal stenting are the most commonly used.

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If your dog (https://soyoungsodesign.com/serial-code/?file=3929) or you have health issues: While being near your dog can solve a myriad of health problems, there are instances where it is unsafe to sleep with your pet. If you or your dog are sick or injured, it may not be the best time to sleep together. Crack sleeping dogs demo.

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Everted laryngeal saccules are diagnosed under anesthesia. They appear as bilateral, red, fleshy, globular sacs.


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Dogs can develop a cough

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If you suspect your pet is dehydrated, first make sure he drinks plenty of fresh, cool water, especially in hot weather. In a vicious cycle, dehydrated dogs can lose their appetites, which causes them to eat less, and therefore eliminates the water content they would normally get from their food.

Most likely your dog was born with allergies. In some cases, they can be developed from overexposure to an allergen. The body seeing a particular foreign body as a threat then results in the histamine response to defend the body, one of these defenses – is a cough.


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Brachycephalic cavaliers must create more pressure when they inhale in order to fill their lungs with air. This decreases the pressure in the upper airway, causes the lining of the larynx (laryngeal ventricles) to swell, and forces the laryngeal saccules to vibrate and evert into the airway at the opening to the trachea, blocking the flow of air. Everted laryngeal saccules usually are the first stage of laryngeal collapse.

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Stenotic nares are abnormally narrow or obstructed nostrils(right), especially when inhaling. Dogs with this disorder tend to breathe primarily through their mouths, because breathing through the nose is unproductive. When they do breathe through their noses, they make wheezing sounds. Stenotic nares cause the dog to inhale deeper to draw air through the nose and into the lower airway, which may contribute to the development of secondary abnormalities, such aseverted laryngeal saccules andlaryngeal collapse.


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Currently, there has been no formal study on how CBD affects dogs. What scientists do know is that cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid receptors located in the central and peripheral nervous systems, which help maintain balance in the body and keep it in a normal healthy state.


Quote: "Objective: To determine the effect of head conformation (brachycephalic, mesaticephalic, and dolichocephalic) on olfactory bulb angle and orientation in dogs by use of in vivo MRI. Animals: 40 client-owned dogs undergoing MRI for diagnosis of conditions that did not affect skull conformation or olfactory bulb anatomy. Procedures: For each dog, 2 head conformation indices were calculated. Olfactory bulb angle and an index of olfactory bulb orientation relative to the rest of the CNS were determined by use of measurements obtained from sagittal T2-weighted MRI images. Results: A significant negative correlation was found between olfactory bulb angle and values of both head conformation indices. Ventral orientation of olfactory bulbs was significantly correlated with high head conformation index values (ie, brachycephalic head conformation). Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: Low olfactory bulb angles and ventral olfactory bulb orientations were associated with brachycephalia. Positioning of the olfactory bulbs, cribriform plate, and ethmoid turbinates was related. Indices of olfactory bulb angle and orientation may be useful for identification of dogs with extremely brachycephalic head conformations.

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The cough is caused by your dog's trachea collapsing, so it's not contagious

All of the treatments can result in degrees of success. But, expect flare-ups every now and again.

Depending on the weather and temperature, and the activity level and exercise of your dog, he will probably need more water on some days than others. As a general rule, dogs require at least one ounce of water per day for each pound of body weight. Your veterinarian can offer advice about how best to ensure your dog consumes enough fluids, based on his age, weight, and condition.


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For example, if you have had a sudden shock or bereavement, sleeping can be a problem. APOQUEL is safe to use in dogs 12 months of age or older. IGN is the leading site for PC games with expert reviews, news, previews, game trailers, cheat codes, wiki guides & walkthroughs. While unpleasant, it is a normal and also healthy emotion. This is because there are several different possible causes of a dog leaking urine when lying down.

Quote: Brachycephalic dogs are at high-risk of brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome

Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome: Pathophysiology and Diagnosis. Dena L. Lodato, Cheryl S. Hedlund.


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Lack of water intake can cause dehydration, which can occur if a dog doesn’t have proper access to water or won’t drink enough. Whether you’re at home or gone for part of the day, be sure to leave enough water so your dog will not run out.

Constant daytime fatigue with fibromyalgia often results in people not getting enough exercise. That causes a decline in physical fitness. It can also lead to mood-related problems. The best way to offset these effects is to try to exercise more. Exercise has tremendous benefits for sleep, mood, and fatigue.


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Application couldn’t be more straightforward. Rub the paw balm over the paw pads, massaging it in with your fingers.


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When the larynx collapses, the cavalier will not be able to breathe at all. The situation will be an extreme, life-threatening emergency.


Values among the groups were analyzed using a post-hoc test. Results: Stockard’s and Evans’s cephalic index in the brachycephalic group were 94/3 ± 13/7 and 79/4 ± 12/0, respectively, and significantly higher than those of the mesocephalic and dolichocephalic groups. The angle of paired canals in the brachycephalic, mesocephalic, and dolichocephalic groups was 103/1 ± 12/8, 82/9 ± 8/1, and 79/7 ± 5/7 degrees, respectively. There was a positive correlation between the angle of optic canals and the cephalic index. There was no significant difference in the length and diameter of the optic canal among the groups. Conclusions: The positioning of the optic canal varies with cranial morphology in dogs.

There are three stages (grades) of laryngeal collapse, Stage 1 (Grade 1) being the everted laryngeal saccules described above. Stage 2 (Grade 2) occurs when the arytenoid cartilage loses its rigidity and gradually collapses inwardly. The third and final stage (Grade 3) is when the cartilage fails completely, and the larynx collapses.


If you hear dog coughing which may be associated with heartworm, you'll notice a soft, persistent cough and the inability for your pooch to catch breath afterward. Don't worry too much, because it's not contagious. Heartworm isn’t spread through contact with an infected animal, but from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Do you suspect that the cause of your dog slipping is medical? Take your dog to the Vet for a check-up.


Fatigue is a lingering tiredness that is constant and limiting. With fatigue, you have unexplained, persistent, and relapsing exhaustion. It's similar to how you feel when you have the flu or have missed a lot of sleep. If you have chronic fatigue, or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID), you may wake in the morning feeling as though you've not slept. Or you may be unable to function at work or be productive at home. You may be too exhausted even to manage your daily affairs.

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Next, you have to clean each paw pad before applying the gripper. By doing this, you will ensure the pads stick for as long as possible.


My dog is 7 and I wind him down, but when I leave the room he starts barking. This especially happens while camping.

He also may need to have his electrolytes replaced because when his body isn’t getting enough water, fluids containing electrolytes are drawn out of the cells, causing an imbalance that affects his organs. If your dog is not vomiting, you can try giving him an electrolyte-enhanced fluid like Pedialyte. It’s best to check with your veterinarian for dosage recommendations.


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Get your dog plenty of exercise. Your dog may be restless at night if he's not getting enough exercise during the day. Depending on your dog's breed, age and fitness level, you may be able to tire him out in 30 minutes or 3 hours (or more). You can exercise your dog at any time during the day that works with your schedule. Although, it's best to avoid a lot of activity the last hour or two before bedtime so that your dog has a chance to settle down.


In an April 2021 abstract, a team of UK veterinary surgeons specializing in treating brachycephalic animals (Tom Hinchliffe, Nai-Chieh Liu, Jane Ladlow [right]) report their study of five cavalier King Charles spaniels which had been suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (apnoea). Apnea means the suspension of breathing due to blocked airways. Previously, it had been reported only in English bulldogs, French bulldogs, and pugs, all typically severely brachycephalic breeds. All five CKSCs suffered from heavy snoring and noisy breathing and choking, as well as sleep apnea. In addition, all five had eosinophilic stomatitis and primary secretory otitis media (PSOM); four had mitral valve disease (MVD); and three had syringomyelia (SM).

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Stenotic nares are easily diagnosed by visual examination. In severe cases, the flow of air through the nostrils may be so poor that no air movement can be detected.

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It is a common occurrence for dogs to get broken teeth. They can get their teeth broken through roughhousing with other dogs, chewing on something really hard, or due to trauma to the mouth. Whatever way it happened, it's important for the broken teeth to be treated by a veterinarian. A veterinarian can assess the severity of the fracture, can treat the tooth appropriately, and can advise you about aftercare.


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Tissue from the saccules are surgically removed under general anesthesia. This procedure is called a “laryngeal sacculectomy”. A tube will be inserted through the neck into the trachea (“temporary tracheostomy”) to allow an airway during surgery and will remain until the swelling in the throat subsides enough that the dog can breathe normally. Post surgery and recovery are similar to that described above under underOverall Care and Treatment and treatment for elongated soft palate.


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December 2021;299(12):1616-1630. Quote: The zygomatic bone is derived evolutionarily from the orbital series. In most modern mammals the zygomatic bone forms a large part of the face and usually serves as a bridge that connects the facial skeleton to the neurocranium. Our aim is to provide information on the contribution of the zygomatic bone to variation in midfacial protrusion using three samples; humans, domesticated dogs, and monkeys. In each case, variation in midface protrusion is a heritable trait produced by one of three classes of transmission: localized dysmorphology associated with single gene dysfunction, selective breeding, or long-term evolution from a common ancestor. We hypothesize that the shape of the zygomatic bone reflects its role in stabilizing the connection between facial skeleton and neurocranium and consequently, changes in facial protrusion are more strongly reflected by the maxilla and premaxilla. Our geometric morphometric analyses support our hypothesis suggesting that the shape of the zygomatic bone has less to do with facial protrusion. By morphometrically dissecting the zygomatic bone we have determined a degree of modularity among parts of the midfacial skeleton suggesting that these components have the ability to vary independently and thus can evolve differentially. From these purely morphometric data, we propose that the neural crest cells that are fated to contribute to the zygomatic bone experience developmental cues that distinguish them from the maxilla and premaxilla. The spatiotemporal and molecular identity of the cues that impart zygoma progenitors with their identity remains an open question that will require alternative data sets.

BAOS is a consequence of the conformation standards for the CKCS. Cavaliers with significant breathing difficulties or that have required surgery to correct airway obstruction, should not be used for breeding.


Dog gagging is most often caused by an inflammation in the larynx. As a part of the respiratory system, the larynx is also known as the voice box.

Quote: A 4-year-old Cavalier King Charles spaniel presented for evaluation of disruptive apnoeic episodes, experienced every 10-15 minutes during sleep. Surgical intervention included bilateral tonsillectomy, bilateral laryngeal sacculectomy, and unilateral cricoarytenoid lateralisation. Minimal improvement in the frequency and severity of episodes of sleep disordered breathing were noted. We hypothesise that our patientcontinued to suffer SDB, despite corrective airway surgery with good clinical response while awake, due to DPC when sleeping, secondary to muscle hypotonia as seen in humans. The patient was subsequently fitted with a continuous positive airway pressure [CPAP] device at night and responded well to this intervention, allowing the dog to sleep through the night. Four years after the initial presentation, the patient underwent fluoroscopic large airway assessment and was diagnosed with dynamic pharyngeal collapse [DPC]. We then retrospectively confirmed partial pharyngeal collapse using videofluoroscopy. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of the use of continuous positive airway pressure in the management of sleep disordered breathing in dogs and represents a novel management strategy for dogs suffering from this condition that respond poorly to airway surgery.


Let a new puppy adjust to your home. It may take a few days (and nights) to adjust to the new household and routine. Establish ground rules at the beginning to create a good routine. This will help your puppy understand the end of day rituals that lead to getting to sleep in the new household. Feed your puppy at the same time in the evening, followed by a trip outside 15-20 minutes later to eliminate.

Sometimes a broken tooth does not seem like a big deal but it is actually causing your dog a lot of pain. It's best to get the tooth checked by a veterinarian to make sure that the tooth isn't causing the dog pain that the dog is masking.


Brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome in dogs: 90 cases

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J Sm An Prac; Jan 2021;53(1):44–50. Quote: "Objective: To describe the use of cricoarytenoid lateralisation combined with thyroarytenoid caudo-lateralisation (arytenoid laryngoplasty) for the management of stage II and III laryngeal collapse in dogs. Methods: A retrospective study of a consecutive series of 12 dogs [five breeds were represented; Cavalier King Charles spaniel (n=3), English bulldog (n=4), French bull-dog (n=2), pug (n=2) and Pekingese] suffering from life-threatening stage II or III laryngeal collapse associated with brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome. Results: Pre-operatively, either stage II collapse (2/12) or stage III collapse (10/12) was confirmed on visual examination. In all cases, a left-sided arytenoid laryngoplasty was performed. Two dogs were euthanased postoperatively as a result of persistent life-threatening respiratory compromise. The procedure resulted in subjective enlargement of the rima glottidis and an associated improvement in respiratory function in the remaining 10 dogs. Follow-up, long-term outcome (median, 3·5 years) in these dogs indicated that all owners considered that the surgery had resulted in marked improvements in their dog's respiratory function, tolerance to exercise, and quality of life.


If she breaks the skin and makes it bleed, then a cone can prevent further damage. However, wearing a cone does not remove the itch, it just means she can't reach it. It is far preferable to identify what is making her itch and treat the underlying cause, rather than merely preventing her scratching.

Spread a small amount of wax over each paw. The wax forms a barrier that provide your dog with extra traction.


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These symptoms may be invisible when walking on easy-to-grip surfaces. However, once your dog steps onto slippery flooring, they can be easily spotted.


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The investigators found that because the cavalier has resulted from a relatively rapid (since the year 1928) elongation of its snout from its King Charles spaniel ancestor (called "reverse breeding"), its turbinal skeleton has changed very little from that of its ancestors. As for other breeds, they found that with decreasing snout length, the nasal cavity is minimized and the seven turbinals suffer as a consequence, especially the interturbinals, which are reduced in number during their developmental period.

Hard nails can’t grip hard flooring. And without proper traction, your pup will slide with each step he takes. So, you need to give these slippery suckers a trim.


Sealing a tooth is usually a specialist procedure, so you will want to have it performed buy a veterinary dentist. They should x-ray the tooth to make sure it is still alive and then, if it is alive, apply a bonded sealant to keep out bacteria that could lead to decay or pain.

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Dehydration can sometimes cause blood pressure to drop. However, dehydration does not always cause low blood pressure. Fever, vomiting, severe diarrhea, overuse of diuretics and strenuous exercise can all lead to dehydration, a potentially serious condition in which your body loses more water than you take in. Even mild dehydration (a loss of as little as 1 percent to 2 percent of body weight) can cause weakness, dizziness and fatigue.

Other pets, like birds, hamsters, rabbits, and others, shouldn’t be spending the night with you. The obvious danger for these smaller critters is the potential for rolling over and suffocating or crushing them. However, these animals are also more likely to spread disease than your cat or dog. Even keeping their cage in your room isn’t recommended, as the noise may disturb your sleep. Plus, airborne particles of bird fecal matter can cause breathing and lung problems (https://soyoungsodesign.com/serial-code/?file=1976) that can be serious and irreversible.


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The dog's nose appears narrow, with the nostril wings (alar folds) collapsing inward during inhalation and possibly blocking the nares. As noted above, the dog tends to breathe through its mouth, and makes wheezing sounds when breathing with its mouth closed. Symptoms typically include labored and constant open mouthed breathing, noisy breathing, snuffling, snorting, excessive snoring, and in severe cases, gagging, retching, exercise and/or heat intolerance, pale or bluish tongue and gums due to a lack of oxygen.

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Several decades ago when my sons were very little, we had a neighbor who kept his hunting dogs in an elevated cage out back. Whenever I got the boys down for a nap and got ready to enjoy a little peace, the dogs would start barking and wake up the babies. They never barked when the owner was at home, so he did not believe this was really a problem. My husband brought a high frequency noise generator home from his lab, and set it up in our garage, adjacent to the critter cage. It was plugged into a circuit controlled by a light switch in our kitchen. We would wait until his downstairs lights went off, bedroom light turned on, then off. We'd give him time to get to sleep, then flick the switch on. The dogs would bark up a storm, he'd storm out in his jammies and yell at them.


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Although food is supposed to give you energy, medical research suggests that hidden food intolerances - or allergies - can do the opposite. In fact, fatigue may be an early warning sign of food intolerance or food allergy. Celiac disease, which happens when you can’t digest gluten, may also cause fatigue.


Pay attention to signs of dental pain. An infection inside of the mouth will cause the dog to be in pain. Signs that your dog is in pain include excessive drooling, tenderness of the face, depression or fearfulness, and hesitation to eat or drink.

This developmental defect is somewhat more apparent in a few other breeds: the English bulldog, pug, Boston terrier, and Pekingese, in particular. However, various degrees of BAOS predominate in the CKCS. The primary BAOS abnormalities in the cavalier include an elongated and fleshy soft palate, narrowed nostrils (stenotic nares), and everted laryngeal saccules, all of which are discussed in detail here. Other disorders may include laryngeal malformation and relatively small windpipe (tracheal hypoplasia or stenosis) and collapsing trachea*, andepiglottic retroversion, which are not specifically covered in this article. All of these disorders cause obstruction of the upper airway, compromise the dog's ability to take in air, and may result in laryngeal collapse. BAOS in the CKCS has been attributedby some researchers as a consequence of the selection for soft, puppy-like facial features, referred to as "morphological neoteny".


The patient had a history of slowly worsening inspiratory obstruction and was becoming increasingly exercise intolerant. The nares were not stenotic and the laryngeal saccules appeared normal. Under general anaesthesia it was judged that the soft palate was 5 mm too long and surgery was performed to resect the redundant tissue. The staphylectomy took 5 min without complications. The modified surgical procedure was used in this case and the patient recovered uneventfully, with no postoperative bleeding or respiratory compromise.

Fleas are the number one cause of itching in dogs, so make sure that all your pets are on year-round flea preventatives. If your pets are not on a monthly flea preventative or are almost due for their next dose, use a veterinarian-approved flea preventative that kills adult fleas on them. Treat your dog even if you have not seen any fleas. Fleas are small and easy to miss.


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Brachycephalic airway syndrome: management of post-operative respiratory complications in 248 dogs

It is caused by long-term respiratory illness or a genetic predisposition. It is most commonly seen in small breeds. Specific breeds seem to be more prone to developing this condition. There is not yet enough research to say categorically what specifically causes tracheal collapse, according to veterinarians.


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Reverse sneezes may occur due to any of a variety of causes, such as foreign bodies, airborne irritation, or growths in the nasal passage. These possible causes need to be eliminated during the diagnosis procedures.

Methods: This retrospective study, based on a previous quantitative analysis in the Griffon Bruxellois (GB), used 24 measurements taken on 130 T1-weighted MRI of hindbrain and cervical region. Associated brachycephaly was estimated using 26 measurements, including rostral forebrain flattening and olfactory lobe rotation, on 72 T2-weighted MRI of the whole brain. Both study cohorts were divided into three groups; Control, CM pain and SM and their morphometries compared with each other. Results: Fourteen significant traits were identified in the hindbrain study and nine traits in the whole brain study, six of which were similar to the GB and suggest a common aetiology.


September 2021: UK Dr. Gert ter Haar heads RVC's new ear, nose, and throat clinic. UK's Royal Veterinary College has commenced an ear, nose, and throat referral clinic at the Queen Mother Hospital for Animals in London. Dr. Gert ter Haar (right) heads the unit, which offers services including diagnostics and treatment of cavaliers with brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome (BAOS), advanced diagnostics and treatment for PSOM in cavaliers, as well as CT and BAER diagnostics for deafness (plus hearing aid implants for selected patients). Telephone 01707 666 365 for more information.

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Quote: "There are two types of disease which affect the eye of the brachycephalic breeds and both are directly or indirectly related to genetic predisposition. First and by far the commonest are those conditions which are due to be conformation of skull and are related to the exophthalmos which is the common feature of these breeds. Second there are those conditions which have been unwittingly bred into some brachycephalic breeds in the pursuit of desired breed characteristics. In this lecture I will present an overview of all the diseases that the small animal practitioner is likely to encounter in the brachycephalic breeds of pedigree dog. The fourteen breeds I have included for discussion are the Affenpinscher, Boston Terrier, Boxer, Bulldog, Cavalier King Charles and the King Charles Spaniels, (mesaticephalic) French Bulldog, Griffon Bruxellois, Japanese Chin, Lhasa Apso, Pekingese, Pug, Shih Tzu and Tibetan Spaniel. Corneal Lipid Dystrophy: The term applies to the characteristic cholesterol and triglyceride deposits in the superficial corneal stroma seen most commonly in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. It is clinically benign and seldom affects vision to any noticeable degree. Hereditary Cataract: Hereditary cataract is seen in the Boston Terrier and theCavalier King Charles Spaniel.


Some veterinarians and pet stores will stock pet cough syrup. Most of these will require a prescription, but you can also find many recipes to make your own at home.

Tech Support Sleeping Dogs low FPS problems ([HOST]errace) submitted 3 years ago by warpedbullet warpedbullet on Steam I didn't know where else to post this, but I recently got Sleeping Dogs: Definitive Edition from the Summer Sale and just got around to playing it. As expectations rise at this time of year, tensions drive us to a state of insomnia. Don't forget to always make. HonkingGoose mentioned this issue Aug 28, 2020. However, letting your dog sleep in your bed can not only develop or further reinforce anxiety and behavior problems, but put you at risk for health problems.


A cough associated with canine distemper will sound like a persistent wheezing, with rattling in the lungs. Other symptoms can include fever, nasal discharge, weeping eyes and an abnormal shaking of the jaw.

In most cases, there's a reason for the fatigue. It might be allergic rhinitis, anemia, depression, fibromyalgia, chronic kidney disease, liver disease, lung disease (COPD), a bacterial or viral infection, or some other health condition. If that's the case, then the long-term outlook is good. Here are some common causes of fatigue and how they are resolved.


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Use short-acting induction agent. Use appropriately sized endotracheal tubes.


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The only problem was she wasn't eating. A week later we brought her back and she stayed there for a few more days but this time she never came back. We found out she had infantile liver disease and that it was to late. Skylar was put to sleep on the afternoon of March 3, 2002. I remember Skylar as a fun, extremely loyal, and loving dog. Whenever I was sick she would sit by me and comfort me. We had some great times Skylar and I'll never forget you.


Plug your controller/wireless receiver into a different USB port. If you're using a USB hub, plug it directly into your computer. Somebody on the Square-Enix forums reported this fixed the semi-responsive controller issue.

When pharyngeal collapse occurs, the tube is weakened and narrows, particularly at the nasopharynx. It may occur upon inhaling or upon exhaling, depending upon the underlying cause. Pharyngeal collapse is not believed to be a primary disease and instead a complication of other airway disorders. Negative airway pressure upon inhalation and increased pressure upon exhalation, due to the underlying primary disorder, can cause the pharynx to collapse, either partially or completely. In general, brachycephalic dogs suffering from an elongated soft palate or everted laryngeal saccules or stenotic nares, can affect pharyngeal diameter.


Make sure you measure your dog’s paws before buying. Loose-fitting boots could cause your trip while running around your home.

If you’re struggling to discover what causes his reaction, you can try an exclusion period, where you remove certain products, foods, and environmental factors. Remove each for at least one month before re-introducing it. If your dog’s allergies get better during the month, and then worsen upon reintroduction, you have found an allergy!


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Some cases of dog gagging, dry heaving, or retching are absolutely nothing to worry about

Try rubbing the puppy's belly or talking in a soothing voice. Importantly, you need to be calm and not doing anything exciting such as playing games on a screen or moving around the puppy. Be sure that the puppy doesn't need to relive itself or isn't hungry.

ALSO READ: Top 5 Best Dog Cough Relief Aids

If you have symptoms of type 2 diabetes, call your doctor and ask to be tested. While finding out you have diabetes may be frightening, type 2 diabetes can be self-managed with guidance from your doctor.


Lowered blood pressure: High doses of CBD have been known to cause a temporary drop in blood pressure. Even though the drop is small, it might create a brief feeling of light-headedness.

Food and Drug Administration has not approved CBD and has not issued a dosing chart. Therefore, we do not know what size dosage would be toxic. Any medication or supplement carries the risk of a reaction. It is always advisable, when giving your dog something new, to start out with small amounts and then closely monitor the effects. And always check with your veterinarian first.


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Low GPU usage directly translates to low performance or low FPS in games, because GPU is not operating at its maximum capacity as it is not fully utilized. Problems faced by dog owners whose dogs are suffering from hip dysplasia: There are a lot of problems that dog owners face that are a result of the dog having hip dysplasia. G3D User created game profile, see vorpx forum profile introduction. Download Badosofts Latency Optimizer and start to fix lag, lower ping & reduce latency. Registering is easy, where you will need to fill in a user name, password, a valid e-mail address, full name, as well as contact number.

Within certain limits, the lower your blood pressure reading is, the better. There is also no specific number at which day-to-day blood pressure is considered too low, as long as none of the symptoms of trouble are present.


Dog's mouths are rarely perfect. Understand what normal is for your particular dog. For example, dogs' gums are usually pink but some dogs have gums with pigment in them, which means they are spotted with brown areas. This is perfectly normal but you need to be aware of this so that you do not think these areas represent a problem.

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Quote: "The general skull morphology of the head of theCavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS) was examined and compared with cephalometric indices of brachycephalic, mesaticephalic, and dolichocephalic heads. Measurements were taken from computed tomography images. Defined landmarks for linear measurements of were identified using three-dimensional (3D) models. The calculated parameters of the CKCS were different from all parameters of mesaticephalic dogs but were the same as parameters from brachycephalic dogs. However, the CKCS had a wider braincase in relation to length than in other brachycephalic breeds. Studies of the etiology of the chiari-like malformation in the CKCS should therefore focus on brachycephalic control groups. As Chari-like malformation has only been reported in brachycephalic breeds, its etiology could be associated with a higher grade of brachycephaly, meaning a shorter longitudinal extension of the skull.


Quote: "There are a number of breeds in which some individuals show signs consistent with BAOS even though the breeds themselves are not brachycephalic. Examples include the Yorkshire terrier, the Norfolk terrier and the Norwich terrier. Affected individuals rarely show the nasal aspects of the disease recognised in the true brachycephalic breeds. Rather, these breeds present with a range of issues mostly associated with their caudal nasopharynx, pharynx and larynx. The Cavalier King Charles spaniel also warrants further discussion. Previous reports from the UK and Australia would suggest that this breed in commonly presented for the investigation and management of BAOS (Lorinson and others 1997, Torrez and Hunt 2006) in both these countries. Surprisingly, a recent retrospective series of 62 dogs from North America (Riecks and others 2007) contained no individuals of the breed. Like the three breeds discussed above [Yorkshire terrier, the Norfolk terrier and the Norwich terrier], it is my experience that the Cavalier King Charles spaniel presented for the further investigation of ʻBAOSʼ commonly does not have the classic findings seen in the bulldog, French bulldog, Pekinese, Pug, etc. Their nasopharyngeal obstruction is often characterised by a subjectively narrow (smaller than expected for a breed of their size) nasopharyngeal space and it is quite common that they do not show evidence of overlength of the soft palate. Interestingly, a recent report (Hayes and others 2021) confirmed a significant association between the presence of otitis media with effusion (on MRI) and an increase thickness of the soft palate and reduced nasopharyngeal aperture.

The fictionalized version of this game is set at San Francisco and it is played as a third-person viewpoint. The brain chemistry of dogs is fascinating and very complex - we don't know anywhere near everything there is to know about the dogs brain - but luckily we do know how to boost endorphin and serotonin levels in our dogs, and also how to reduce stress in order that the endorphin requirements are reduced. Sleeping Dogs Patch has been released to fix the problems related to Mouse Sensitivity: A modifier that determines how much speed is. This is hoping FIFA 19 does not find a difference between today and a couple of months. The top right frame has an armed ecobee SmartThermostat displaying the temperature in a dark room on a white wall.


While some vets discourage it, other vets will recommend allergy testing for your dog. Testing is very expensive and may not be accurate since the tests were initially designed for humans. For this reason, elimination diets are usually used to determine allergies.

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Low GPU usage in games is one of the most common problems that trouble many gamers worldwide. Over the last few decades, anal gland problems have been a pain in the butt for both dogs and cats. Of course, the reverse is also true. Notify me about new: Guides. If the disease is diagnosed and treatment is started, then the dogs can live an active and full life.

Brachycephalic Airway Obstruction Syndrome

He does his business & he goes back the crate. How can I get him to sleep thru the night again without needing to potty?


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The jugular foramen provides passage to cranial nerves IX, X, XI, sigmoid sinus, and lymphatics. Cavalier King Charles spaniels with syringomyelia associated with Chiari-like malformation have smaller volume jugular foramina compared to Cavalier King Charles spaniels without syringomyelia. However, direct causality between smaller jugular foramen and syringomyelia has not been proven. Cavalier King Charles spaniels with syringomyelia associated with Chiari malformation have reduced volume caudal cranial fossa dorsal sinuses. Dogs and cats with neonatal characteristics of a reduced muzzle and brachycephaly have impaired CSF circulation, which predisposes ventriculomegaly, hydrocephalus, quadrigeminal cistern expansion, Chiari-like malformation associated pain, and syringomyelia. Reduction of the lymphatic absorption of CSF through the nasal and skull base lymphatics, in conjunction with restriction of CSF movement through the lateral apertures and craniocervical junction, are hypothesized to be key features. Cranial venous stenosis, spinal canal conformation, chronic intermittent hypoxia, and thoracic cavity pressure gradients may contribute. The ethics of choosing to breed animals with this predisposition is questionable, despite their popularity as companion animals. Education of the pet-buying public, avoiding breeding extreme animals, and screening at-risk breeding stock is recommended.


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The palate is the roof of the mouth. It is divided into two parts, the anterior (front) bony hard palate, and the posterior (rear) fleshy soft palate. The soft palate separates the nasal passage from the oral cavity. An elongated soft palate is too long for the length of the mouth, so that its tip protrudes into the front of the airway and may get sucked into the laryngeal opening where it may obstruct the normal passage of air into the trachea.


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Postpartum depression can happen after the birth of a baby. Some people get seasonal affective disorder in the winter, with feelings of fatigue and sadness. Major depression is also one part of bipolar disorder.


If you've had to take your dog to the vet because of itchy skin or ears, you're not alone. These are the most common reasons for non-routine veterinary visits for dogs in the United States. It may be difficult to solve your dog's scratching problems, since many health issues can cause or contribute to itching. The best way to help your dog is to get professional help early on. Early treatment is typically easier and less expensive than treatment for advanced disease processes. It also spares your dog from prolonged or needless discomfort.

See an example of a cavalier reverse sneezing atthis YouTube video. See also, our blog entry, All that cavalier owners need to know about the “Reverse Sneeze” or “Cavalier Snort”.


With tooth sealing or a root canal, your dog will most likely recover very quickly. They will be able to resume eating and drinking the same day and pain should be minimal afterwords.

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Results—English Bulldogs (55/90 [61%]), Pugs (19/90 [21%]), and Boston Terriers (8/90 [9%]) were the most common breeds with BAOS. The most common components of BAOS were elongated soft palate (85/90 [94%]), stenotic nares (69/90 [77%]), everted laryngeal saccules (59/90 [66%]), and everted tonsils (50/90 [56%]). Dogs most commonly had 3 or 4 components of BAOS, with the most common combination being stenotic nares, elongated soft palate, everted laryngeal saccules, and everted tonsils. Dogs with stenotic nares were significantly more likely to have everted laryngeal saccules (50/69 [72%]), and dogs with everted laryngeal saccules were significantly more likely to have everted tonsils (39/59 [66%]). Postoperative surgical complications occurred in 12% (10/83) of dogs that received corrective surgery. No specific BAOS component made dogs more likely to have complications. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—The prevalence of components of BAOS in brachycephalic dogs of this study differed from that reported previously, especially for everted tonsils.

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The pharynx is the dog's throat, a muscular membrane tube that extends from the soft palate at the back of the tongue and nasal cavity and larynx down to the where its trachea and esophagus come together. It has three regions, the nasopharynx at its top, the oropharynx at its center behind the mouth, and the laryngopharynx at its bottom. The nasopharynx is connected to the nasal cavities and is the air passage during breathing and also connects to the openings of the eustachian tubes through which air enters the middle ear.


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March 2021: Cavaliers are listed among brachycephalic breeds requiring extra care when being anesthetized. In a March 2021 report by a team of Tufts University veterinary anesthesiologists, cavaliers are among brachycephalic breeds which require special attention when being sedated and anesthetized. Their advice includes: "Avoid excessive sedation.

  • What to Do About a Collapsed Trachea in Dogs
  • Part 1 of 2: Changing Your Dog's Sleep Environment and Habits
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  • To develop good sleeping habits, keep your dog calm the hour or so before bed so it will relax
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We can’t always prevent our dogs from getting sick, beyond keeping them up-to-date on their vaccines, and providing them with a healthy diet, exercise, and regularly scheduled examinations by a veterinarian. Make sure to put away items that can be eaten like socks and other inedible objects and garbage like corn cobs that can cause blockages put away and close all garbage lids. But understanding the importance of providing our dogs with ready access to fresh water and knowing the signs of dehydration can help us prevent dehydration and catch it before it becomes dangerous.


Brachycephalic Airway Obstruction Syndrome in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

As with any pet wellness trend, when it comes to CBD oil for dogs, there’s a lot of information floating around the internet, and it’s difficult to know what’s accurate and what’s exaggeration. Of course, you want to do what’s best for your pup, which leads to the question: What do I need to know about CBD oil for dogs?

When it comes to blocking off individual rooms, a pet gate works wonders. Think of it as a baby gate, but for your dog.


Acute attacks of vomiting and diarrhea, heat stroke, or illnesses and a fever may also cause a dog to become dehydrated. Puppies, senior dogs, nursing mothers, and toy dog breeds may have an increased risk of dehydration. Sometimes dehydration in dogs is a symptom of an underlying cause, including these diseases or conditions: kidney disease, diabetes, or some types of cancer.

If your dog has a pollen or airborne allergy, your vet might give an allergy injection. This will help build your dog's resistance to the allergen. Bathe your dog every two to three days to remove the allergens from his coat.


Quote: Canine brachycephalic airway syndrome is a progressive disease that affects many brachycephalic dogs

Discuss with your regular veterinarian whether they have a lot of experience with severe dental fractures. If they do not, ask for a referral to a veterinary dentist in your area.

Curing a dog of heartworm disease is a lengthy process, with treatment being three shots, each thirty-days apart. Followed by a second test a further three months later to confirm whether the treatment was successful.


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Quote: Objective: To report the long‐term outcome of permanent tracheostomy for the management of severe laryngeal collapse secondary to brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome. Study design: Retrospective case series. Animals: Fifteen brachycephalic dogs with severe laryngeal collapse [including one cavalier King Charles spaniel] treated with permanent tracheostomy. Methods: Follow-up data were obtained from medical records or via telephone conversation with the owners. The Kaplan-Meier estimator was used to calculate median survival time. Death was classified as related or unrelated to tracheostomy surgery. Complications were classified as major when they were life-threatening or required revision surgery. Owners were asked to classify the postoperative quality of life as improved, unchanged, or worse and the management of the stoma as simple or demanding. Results: The median survival time was 100 days [the CKCS survied 143 days]. Major complications were diagnosed in 12 of 15 (80%) dogs, resulting in death in 8 (median survival time 15 days) and revision surgery in 4 dogs [including the CKCS].


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Your senior dog’s vocalizing can become a problem if he does it too often or at inappropriate times, like when you’re sleeping. Anxious vocalizing is usually a plaintive howl or excessive whining. If your dog does it only when you’re gone, it could indicate separation anxiety. If he does it when you’re home, then you’ll need the help of a behaviorist or veterinary behaviorist to determine what’s causing your dog (https://soyoungsodesign.com/serial-code/?file=1016) to vocalize so much.

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Groom your dog by brushing his fur and petting him. Wind down and try to have no loud noises or things that would excite or wake your puppy. Give a comfortable place for your puppy to sleep. Also, during the day, if you have time, bring your dog out to run or play fetch to wear down your puppy's energy.


Older dogs, those with autoimmune conditions and those recovering from another ailment will be the most likely to develop kennel cough. Vaccines do exist for kennel cough and are highly effective at defending against this type of dog coughing.

This kind of dog cough can cause your dog’s abdomen to show visible signs of strain from the depth that his cough comes from. You may also hear that your dog is only able to take shallow breaths.


To confirm a diagnosis of anemia, your doctor will give you a blood test. If iron deficiency is the cause of your fatigue, treatment may include iron supplements. You can also add iron-rich foods such as spinach, broccoli, and red meat to your diet to help relieve symptoms. Vitamin C with meals or with iron supplements can help the iron to be better absorbed and improve your symptoms.

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Dogs with upper airway and pleural space disease were significantly younger than dogs with lower respiratory tract and cardiac diseases. Dogs with lower respiratory tract and associated systemic diseases were significantly less likely to be discharged from the hospital. Dogs with diseases that were treated surgically had a significantly better outcome than did medically treated patients, which were significantly more likely to be examined on an emergency basis with short duration of clinical signs. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—In dogs examined because of dyspnea, young dogs may be examined more frequently with breed-associated upper respiratory tract obstruction or pleural space disease after trauma, whereas older dogs may be seen more commonly with progressive lower respiratory tract or acquired cardiac diseases. Nontraumatic acute onset dyspnea is often associated with a poor prognosis, but stabilization, especially in patients with cardiac disease, is possible.

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The brachycephalic cavalier is an inefficient panter. Increased panting can cause swelling and narrowing of the airway, resulting in collapsing or fainting. The excessive panting and episodes of other symptoms may place increased strain on the dog's heart, which cavaliers withmitral valve disease cannot afford to risk.


Quote: Objectives: To evaluate the effect of sacculectomy on the immediate postoperative complication rate in dogs affected with brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome. Materials and Methods: Retrospective review of clinical records of brachycephalic dogs [limited to pugs, British bulldogs, and French bulldogs] with everted saccules that underwent surgery for brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome between 2009 and 2021. Dogs were grouped as those having nares resection and staphylectomy only and those having nares resection, staphylectomy and laryngeal sacculectomy. Complications were scored as mild, moderate or severe. Results: In total, 37 dogs were included in the sacculectomy group and 44 in the comparator group. Dogs that had undergone sacculectomy were more likely to develop postoperative complications, with 18 of 37 developing complications, nine of which were moderate to severe. In the group without sacculectomy, nine of 44 dogs developed complications, of which one was severe. Different breed distribution between groups might also impact this outcome. Clinical Significance: The results suggest that sacculectomy might increase morbidity following brachycephalic airway surgery, but repeat studies are required to confirm this result. Further information is also required to determine whether the short-term risks of sacculectomy are outweighed by superior long-term functional outcome.

It has been reported to be present in up to 40 percent of these animals. The effusion is mucoid and fills the entire ME. Diagnosis is made by operating microscopic examination, computed tomography scanning, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and has been confirmed at the time of myringotomy. Myringotomy and tympanostomy tube placement has been recommended for treatment. This breed has been artificially selected to have a shortened front-to-back diameter of the skull, a shape termed brachycephaly, which arises due to premature fusion of the coronal sutures. The term neotenous (retention of juvenile characteristics into adulthood) is also appropriate for these breeds. The Cavalier snores habitually like other brachycephalic dogs, including the English Bulldog, a breed that has been reported to be the only animal known to develop obstructive sleep apnea. The snoring is undoubtedly secondary to its constricted pharynx, a consequence of the shortening of the snout. Figure 5 compares the head shape of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, with its extremely short face, to that of a Golden Retriever, which has a classic prognathic snout. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an animal model of chronic OM with effusion. It has been “artificially selected” (Charles Darwin's term) for its short snout and globular head, but an unintended consequence of breeding for this characteristic is the propensity for chronic OM with effusion.


Many physical and mental illnesses, as well as lifestyle factors, can cause your fatigue, and that can make it hard to diagnose. In some cases, it might be something simple and easy to fix, like having caffeine at bedtime. But other causes, like heart disease or COPD, are serious, and you may need to start long-term treatment right away.

Surgery under general anesthesia is the preferred means of treating stenotic nares. Surgical techniques for widening the nares include: alapexy, punch resection, partial amputation of the nasal cartilage, dorsal offset rhinoplasty, and multiple variations of wedge excision of the ala nasi. The aim is to increase the size of the nostrils by removing tissue from the wings and possibly some related cartilage.


Medical care has been proven to work in 70% of cases, with the remaining 30% either not responding to treatment or requiring surgical intervention. Veterinarians note how surgery to repair a collapsed trachea in dogs has come along drastically in recent years with advancements in the materials used to replace damaged rings of the trachea.

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Antihistamines may or may not be less effective at treating other causes of itching. They're best used as preventatives for dogs with known allergies and in combination with other therapies.


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Treating the infection often relieves your fatigue. But some infections, including mononucleosis and COVID-19, can lead to long-lasting tiredness.


But it might surprise you that a good pair of socks could actually stop your dog from slipping on hard floors

Consider playing a new sport or activity like NoseWork, Rally, agility, tracking or Flyball with your dog. New activities mean learning new skills for both of you. Getting involved will increase mental and physical stimulation which helps both of you with exercise, boredom and will add to your bond.

Sure, these floors may look great and be easy to clean. But to your dog, he might as well be walking on ice – he can’t get a grip.


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Use of CT to evaluate and compare intranasal features in brachycephalic and normocephalic dogs. M. Auger, K. Alexander, G. Beauchamp, M. Dunn.

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If your dog underwent anesthesia, it will need your support while it wakes up and recovers. Some dogs do not react well to anesthesia, so it may throw up or be disoriented for quite awhile.

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For advice on what to do if your dog tries to lick off the coconut oil, read on

Depending upon the severity of the collapse, an early option may be a partial laryngectomy to enlarge the laryngeal opening. The procedure will include anesthesia and a temporary tracheostomy. Statistical studies have shown that less than 50% of dogs treated this way survive, due to the permanent cartilage deformation and softening which results in continued collapse.

Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of olfactory bulb angle and soft palate dimensions in brachycephalic and nonbrachycephalic dogs. David A. Barker, Carlos Rubiños, Olivier Taeymans, Jackie L. Demetriou.


You may need to gradually acclimate your dog to dental care, including to allowing you to inspect its teeth. Take the process slowly and don't assume that your dog will automatically let you look all around its mouth.

To make it easier to determine the underlying cause of dog coughing, we’re going to run through some common diagnoses and their symptoms, treatments and prognoses. When it comes to dog coughing, it can be tough to tell each diagnosis apart, unless you're a trained professional. If you're worried about your pet or you think the coughing is getting worse, seeking professional help is the best thing to do.


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Essentially a doggy version of asthma, this condition can be managed with medication. There is no cure for tracheal collapse. However, with correct treatment, a dog suffering from this condition won’t suffer from a diminished quality of life.


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Higher quality and purity are usually associated with a higher cost. A cheaper option could contain toxic substances such as pesticides, herbicides, or heavy metals. Make sure your CBD oil is free of additives.

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Well, your pups paw pads work in the same way. If they are dry, cracked or worn down, they can’t grip your floor.

Quote: "The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, exhibits profound phenotypic diversity and is an ideal model organism for the genetic dissection of simple and complex traits. However, some of the most interesting phenotypes are fixed in particular breeds and are therefore less tractable to genetic analysis using classical segregation-based mapping approaches. We implemented an across breed mapping approach using a moderately dense SNP array, a low number of animals and breeds carefully selected for the phenotypes of interest to identify genetic variants responsible for breed-defining characteristics. Using a modest number of affected (10–30) and control (20–60) samples from multiple breeds, the correct chromosomal assignment was identified in a proof of concept experiment using three previously defined loci; hyperuricosuria, white spotting and chondrodysplasia. Genome-wide association was performed in a similar manner for one of the most striking morphological traits in dogs: brachycephalic head type. Although candidate gene approaches based on comparable phenotypes in mice and humans have been utilized for this trait, the causative gene has remained elusive using this method. Samples from nine affected breeds and thirteen control breeds identified strong genome-wide associations for brachycephalic head type on Cfa 1. Two independent datasets identified the same genomic region. Levels of relative heterozygosity in the associated region indicate that it has been subjected to a selective sweep, consistent with it being a breed defining morphological characteristic. Genotyping additional dogs in the region confirmed the association. To date, the genetic structure of dog breeds has primarily been exploited for genome wide association for segregating traits.


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The CKCS in this study were reported to be ‘clinically normal’ by their owners, who did not report clinical signs of neurological disease or otitis in these dogs. In this study, measurements made on MRI were used to determine whether there was an association between OME and brachycephalic conformation. The results confirm that association and also demonstrate that, in CKCS, greater thickness of the soft palate and reduced naso-pharyngeal aperture are significantly associated with OME.

Kennel Cough may also be the reason behind your dog retching, or dry heaving. However, in this instance, you will notice white foam in their mouth.


The throat and breathing passages in brachycephalic dogs often are undersized or flattened. The head's soft tissues are not proportionate to the shortened nature of the skull, and the excess tissues tend to increase resistance to the flow of air through the upper airway (nostrils, sinuses, pharynx and larynx).

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Talk to your vet about using an antihistamine. You may be tempted to give an over-the-counter antihistamine to your itchy dog, but this may not be particularly effective. There are no antihistamines currently licensed for use in small animals in the United States, so all use is off label. If you do want to try an antihistamine, you should check with your veterinarian first, especially if you have a dog with a chronic illness or one that is on other medications. If you do choose to give one of these drugs, make sure to give only the recommended dose and check that formulation you are using is safe for dogs. Do not use these drugs long-term or use more than one at a time without specific instructions from a veterinarian.


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In competitions, the stakes are high. A slip or tumble could cost your dog the gold medal. Not leaving anything to chance, owners coat their dog’s paws in an anti-slip spray.

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Since your dog will be ingesting the oil, choose the highest quality coconut oil you can find. If possible, purchase organic oil. Avoid buying refined, bleached, and deodorized (RBD) coconut oil because the processing destroys nutrients.


Quote: "Brachycephalic dogs are at high-risk of brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS). Clinical signs include noisy and laboured breathing, breathing difficulties even on short walks and easily overheating. These difficulties can prevent dogs from being able to enjoy simple pleasures such as exercise, play, food and sleep. In severe cases dogs can experience almost continuous breathing difficulties and collapse due to lack of oxygen. Due to the chronic and prevalent nature of clinical signs, they may be ‘accepted’ by owners and not perceived as abnormal, with only particularly acute or severe attacks alerting owners to present their dog to their veterinary practice. This is of additional concern as clinical signs often get worse over time if they are left untreated, and prognosis is improved with early intervention. Without appreciation of the welfare implications of BOAS, affected but undiagnosed dogs may be negatively affected indefinitely through lack of treatment. As such, this is an area that the veterinary profession should aim to tackle by raising awareness through client education.

Consult with a veterinary dentist. If your regular veterinarian does not have a lot of experience with dentistry, or if the tooth is severely infected and needs invasive treatment, then you may want to go to a veterinary dentist for treatment. For example, a veterinary dentist will be able to perform dental surgery on a severely fractured and infected tooth.


Sometimes, depression or anxiety is at the root of chronic fatigue. Depression affects twice as many women as men and often runs in families. It commonly begins between the ages of 15 and 30.

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Determine if your dog has medical problems. If this is an older dog that has been quiet and content before, try to determine if there is a medical problem. Talk to your veterinarian about any unexplained changes in your dog's behavior, including appetite, energy level and ability to move comfortably.


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Purchase high-quality coconut oil. Look for an unrefined, extra-virgin, organic coconut oil since it will be higher in nutrients than highly refined coconut oils. Avoid using refined, bleached, and deodorized (RBD) coconut oil. Keep in mind that coconut oil might become liquid if it's in a warm location, but will harden as it cools.


Dehydration in dogs occurs when the body loses more fluid than it’s taking in. All mammals rely on water to keep their bodies functioning properly, and dogs are no exception. In fact, water is necessary to virtually every important body function, including lubricating joints, cushioning internal organs, aiding digestion, and regulating body temperature. When we think of nutrition, we generally think of food. But water is a critically necessary ingredient that allows the cells in your dog’s body to absorb nutrients.

Now, you do have to regularly apply this non-slip wax to the bottom of your dog’s paws. I was able to get about a day out of each application, although I would need to reapply if my dog went outside.


To solve your dog's skin and scratching problems, start by treating it for fleas if your dog has them. Next, relieve the itching by bathing it with a mild dog shampoo and follow up with an oatmeal-based conditioner to soothe inflamed skin. Bacterial or yeast infections cause skin issues, so visit your vet and, if diagnosed, administer the prescribed topical medication to treat the infection. You can also ask about corticosteroid or antifungal medications to treat the itching. For tips on identifying allergies your dog may have, read on!

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If the palate is only moderately elongated and does not totally block the trachea, most cavaliers are able to pull out of these blockages by themselves. Snorting may be relieved by forcing the cavalier to breathe through its mouth instead of its nose. This may be done by holding the dog's head down and mouth open with one hand while blocking air from entering the nose with the other hand.

One click logins on Chrome, Firefox, Safari, IE, Opera, Edge, Windows, Mac, iOS, Android. More Sleeping Dogs Fixes. As soon as you suspect there's an issue with your pup's breathing, take him to see a professional. Scrolling up or down skips every other option. However, the clinician must always be aware of 'red flag' warning signs which may merit.


Coconut oil has become a popular treatment for skin problems. It's antibacterial, anti-fungal, and easy to purchase. While more research is needed to determine how effective (if at all) it is, you can safely give it to your dog. Some believe that feeding your dog coconut oil or rubbing it through their fur can reduce symptoms and improve the look of your dog's coat.

Animals: Twenty-four client-owned dogs [one cavalier King Charles spaniel]. Methods: Retrospective review of medical records to identify dogs with ER that underwent surgical or medical management of ER. Results: Dogs with ER commonly were middle-aged to older, small breed, spayed females with body condition score (BCS) ≥6/9. Stridor and dyspnea were the most common presenting signs. Concurrent or historical upper airway disorders were documented in 79/1% of cases. At last evaluation, 52/6% of dogs that underwent surgical management, and 60% of dogs that received medical management alone, had decreased severity of presenting clinical signs. In dogs that underwent surgical management for ER, the incidence of respiratory crisis decreased from 62/5% before surgery to 25% after surgical treatment. The overall calculated Kaplan–Meier median survival time was 875 days. Conclusion and clinical importance: Our study indicated that a long-term survival of at least 2 years can be expected in dogs diagnosed with epiglottic retroversion.